Middle Housing Public Information Sessions

Middle Housing: Offering Housing Choice in Durham

As required by the Oregon Legislature’s House Bill 2001, middle housing will soon become an option for Durham residents. The term “middle housing” refers to forms of housing that are neither large-scale apartments (dwelling units inside an apartment building) nor a single detached house on a typical fee-simple lot.  In between these two types of dwelling units exists myriad other housing forms, such as cottage clusters, courtyard units, and additional dwelling units within a single building or on the same lot with a single detached house. These housing types are often called “middle housing.”

HB 2001 requires cities to allow duplexes, triplexes, quadplexes, townhouses, and cottage clusters to be built in residential zones. The goal is to create more home ownership opportunities for Oregonians at every stage of their lives. For example, many older Americans can only find one size or type of housing that may not meet their needs. These new opportunities will make it easier for Durham residents to age in place, with accessible homes that still offer independence. Some younger families and multi-generational households also cannot find housing to fit their needs. The project will look at ways to gently increase density, while minimizing impacts on our neighborhoods.

The City held two virtual, one-hour public information sessions at 5 pm on February 2, 2022 and 9 am on February 3, 2022 to allow residents to ask questions and share concerns.

The slides of the presentation can be seen here.

Video of one of the sessions can be seen here.

Flyer in English and Spanish can be viewed here.

Survey is closed as of April 1, 2022


What is middle housing?

Middle housing refers to housing types that fill the gap between apartments and detached single dwellings. They can include duplexes, triplexes, quadplexes, townhomes, and cottage clusters. HB 2001 includes specific definitions for each of these housing types.

  • Housing should be adaptable. Household sizes are changing and evolving as their members pass through different phases of life.
  • There is a housing crisis. Not just in Oregon but nationwide. There is not enough housing or enough types of housing to meet people’s needs.
  • Homes are more than just a place to live. Especially during COVID-19. They serve as our workplaces, our schools, and how we take care of our families and friends.

Does HB 2001 ban single family dwellings?

No, single-family detached dwellings will still be allowed. HB 2001 allows more types of housing to be constructed in low-density residential zones but does not restrict development of single-family detached dwellings.

Why was HB 2001 created?

The principles behind HB 2001 mirror a national movement, which calls for increasing housing of all types to alleviate shortages throughout the country. Here in Oregon, there is an increasing lack of housing, particularly housing priced that the average resident can afford. Oregon is one of the fastest growing states in the country, but state policies, zoning codes, community opposition, and other factors have made it challenging to accommodate population growth. HB 2001 was created to help increase the amount and types of housing available to Oregonians.

How does HB 2001 affect accessory dwelling units (ADUs)?

HB 2001 prevents local governments from requiring owner occupancy or additional parking for ADUs. ADUs are small, secondary housing units constructed on the same property as an existing house. This provision went into effect on January 1, 2020.

Can the City, private individuals, or homeowners’ associations pass new regulations or rules to prevent middle housing in other ways?

HB 2001 prohibits middle housing from being restricted through alternate means, including documents recorded against a property or other governing documents that occur on or after Aug. 8, 2019 (the effective date of the act). This means that homeowners’ associations and related groups can’t create new rules to prohibit middle housing.

Where can I find HB 2001 to read for myself?

HB 2001 can be found on the Oregon State Legislature website


Posted on January 5, 2022